HIPAA compliant vendors implement the following.
A key component of HIPAA compliance is controlling who has access to PHI. In today’s environment, most PHI is stored in an electronic format, making access management the best way to do so. Access management incorporates several components, including user authentication, access controls, and audit logs. To implement user authentication, unique login credentials must be given to each user of a platform or software.
HIPAA points to the need for unique login credentials in their minimum necessary standard, which requires PHI access to be limited to only the information needed to complete a specific task. Under this standard, employees must be given access to only the PHI they need to perform their job functions through unique login credentials, known as access controls. PHI access must also be tracked to ensure the minimum necessary standard is adhered to. To accomplish this, organizations must keep audit logs. Audit logs enable administrators to track which employees access what data and how long they access it. Tracking PHI access also establishes regular access patterns for each employee to detect inappropriate or unauthorized access quickly.
As hacking incidents continue to plague the healthcare sector, data security is of utmost importance. End-to-end encryption (E2EE) is the best way to prevent hacking incidents. E2EE prevents unauthorized access to data as it is transmitted through receipt.
Although not explicitly mandated by HIPAA, the Security Rule states that “The encryption implementation specification is addressable, and must therefore be implemented if, after a risk assessment, the entity has determined that the specification is a reasonable and appropriate safeguard in its risk management of the confidentiality, integrity and availability of e-PHI. If the entity decides that the addressable implementation specification is not reasonable and appropriate, it must document that determination and implement an equivalent alternative measure, presuming that the alternative is reasonable and appropriate. If the standard can otherwise be met, the covered entity may choose to not implement the implementation specification or any equivalent alternative measure and document the rationale for this decision.”